Top 12 Health Benefits of Broccoli

Health Benefits of Broccoli


Broccoli is a filling and delicious vegetable that is packed with several nutrients. It is regarded to be the vegetable with the largest nutritious punch. 

Broccoli is one of the first vegetables that come to mind when considering the green vegetables, we should eat. This super vegetable belongs to the cabbage family and is an edible green plant.

A member of the Cruciferae family, broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable. It is a member of the Brassica genus, generally referred to as the cabbage family. The head of broccoli is big and dark green, resembling a flower. 

The blossoms are organised into a tree-like form and branch out from a substantial, delicious stem. Broccoli is defined as the crest of a blossoming cabbage. Typically, three varieties of broccoli are grown. The most well-known of them is calabrese, sometimes known as broccoli. The other two are purple cauliflower and sprouting broccoli.


Nutrition Value 

According to USDA, a cup (91 g) of raw broccoli contains the following nutrients.

12 Health Benefits of Broccoli 

Prevents cancer 

The National Cancer Institute has extensively discussed the relationship between cruciferous vegetables, particularly broccoli and cancer. These plants include glucosinolates, which are sulfur-containing compounds. These glucosinolates are broken down during cooking, chewing and digestion to produce biologically active chemicals, one of which being indole-3-carbinol, a substance with strong anti-cancer potential.

Studies state that eating broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables can lower the risk of developing several cancers, including breast, colon, prostate and lungs.

Together with other cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower, brussels sprouts and cabbage, broccoli has the ability to prevent cancer and strengthen the immune system. 

Breast cancer is typically caused by oestrogens. Broccoli has the ability to decrease this level. According to research, broccoli is particularly effective at preventing uterine and breast cancer.


An imbalance between free radical production and the body’s ability to fight them off or detoxify them is the root cause of Type 2 Diabetes. Patients with Type 2 Diabetes experience oxidative stress as a result of this. 

Due to broccoli’s higher vitamin C content, the body can better regulate its cortisol and blood pressure, lowering hypertension and oxidative stress levels.

Heart health 

Broccoli can improve heart health by keeping blood arteries healthy in addition to lowering cholesterol. Apart from being an anti-inflammatory, the sulforaphane found in broccoli can help reverse the harm that persistent blood sugar levels cause on the linings of blood vessels. 

The B-complex vitamins in the vegetable can aid in regulating or reducing excessive homocysteine. The amino acid homocysteine, which accumulates after a person consumes red meat, raises the risk of coronary artery disease.


The three compounds in broccoli known as the dynamic trio—glucoraphanin, gluconasturtiin and glucobrassicin—neutralise and eliminate harmful substances from the body. 

By activating a network of detoxifying enzymes, the sulforaphane in broccoli sprouts protects the aerobic cells from harm. It also reduces inflammatory reactions. Any food with fibre is said to be a good detoxifier for the human body. 

Broccoli has a sufficient amount of isothiocyanates, which support the detoxification process at the genetic level. Isothiocyanates in broccoli prevent the activation of carcinogens and neutralise their toxic effects. They help expedite the body’s process of eliminating carcinogens. By removing all the trash and contaminants accumulated, eating broccoli helps with overall detoxification.

Controls cholesterol 

Like many other whole foods, broccoli is loaded with soluble fibre, which helps the body remove cholesterol. This is due to the fibre in broccoli which aids in the digestion of bile acids by binding with them. This makes eliminating cholesterol from our bodies easy. A study from the Institute of Food Research states that a particular variety of broccoli help lowers LDL cholesterol levels in the blood by 6%.

Improves digestive health

Broccoli’s high fibre content benefits the digestive system. With 1 g for every ten calories, broccoli is a fibre-rich food. One can maintain a healthy balance of good bacteria in the intestines and stay regular by eating fibre.

Broccoli helps digestion by keeping the stomach lining healthy. The stomach bacteria Helicobacter pylori are prevented from growing too large or sticking to the stomach wall too firmly by the sulforaphane in broccoli. 

In a 2009 study using mice, researchers discovered that broccoli sprouts are particularly effective at assisting in this way. More than 40% less H. pylori were found in the faeces of mice who were fed broccoli sprouts every day for two months.

Reduce allergic reaction 

Studies state that Kaempferol has the ability to decrease the effects of allergy-related chemicals on our bodies. The anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids are present in broccoli in large proportions. 

Since broccoli contains sulforaphane, a substance that inhibits the enzymes that can damage joints and create inflammation, broccoli can benefit persons with arthritis.


Antioxidants that are a part of broccoli can benefit the body in several different ways. Since broccoli contains a significant amount of vitamin C, it is excellent for immunity. 

In addition, broccoli has flavonoids that effectively aid in vitamin C recycling. Along with other potent antioxidants, it is filled with the carotenoids-lutein, zeaxanthin and beta-carotene.

Anti-inflammatory benefits 

Due to its potent anti-inflammatory properties, broccoli may reduce the rate at which osteoarthritis-related joint degeneration occurs. Sulforaphane, a substance in broccoli, blocks the enzymes that cause joint deterioration by inhibiting a crucial molecule that promotes inflammation. This chemical may therefore aid persons with arthritis.

Omega-3 fatty acids and isothiocyanates in broccoli also aid in controlling inflammation. The flavonoid kaempferol may also minimise the effects of allergens, particularly in the intestinal system, which reduces chronic inflammation.

Improves metabolism 

Broccoli’s calcium and vitamin C helps speed up metabolism. Also, broccoli’s fibre raises TEF (also called the Thermic Effect of Food or a person’s metabolic rate after eating).

Moreover, the fibre in broccoli contributes to healthy metabolism and the preservation of vital bodily functions.

Boosts Immunity 

Due to its high vitamin C concentration, broccoli is the food that strengthens the immune system the most. And according to studies, broccoli can help the ageing immune system. 

The vegetable’s sulforaphane interacts with Nrf2, a protein that controls the body’s general response to antioxidants. This protein has the ability to activate thousands of genes and antioxidant enzymes.

Additionally, it has been discovered that sulforaphane slows down immune cell degeneration, which would otherwise speed up ageing. Another substance found in broccoli is glutathione, also known as the master antioxidant. This antioxidant strengthens immunological function as well. 

According to studies, broccoli’s immune-boosting properties can be maximised by eating it uncooked. It has also been demonstrated that these actions aid in the healing of wounds.


Broccoli is excellent for preventing ageing since it is high in vitamin C, which has many antioxidant effects. This is so that antioxidants can combat the free radicals that result in ageing. These free radicals frequently cause skin damage. Regular consumption of broccoli help reduces pigmentation, fine lines, wrinkles and skin conditions, including acne.

Side effects of broccoli 

Unless taken in high quantities, broccoli does not have any severe adverse effects. Due to the high amounts of fibre in it, the most frequent side effect is flatulence or intestinal irritation. In reality, all cruciferous veggies have the potential to cause gas, but the advantages exceed the drawbacks.


Hypersensitive people may develop rashes after applying broccoli to their skin. If any of these side effects occur, stop using them.

Stomach uneasiness

Overeating broccoli might irritate the stomach as it is rich in fibre. Also, the non-digestible carbohydrates in broccoli are fermented by intestinal flora. This is typically a good thing, but in those with irritable bowel syndrome, it could make their uncomfortable symptoms worse.


Goitrogens, which could affect thyroid function, are thought to be present in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables. The elements in cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, benefit those with hypothyroidism, especially those with autoimmune hypothyroidism.

Effects during breastfeeding and pregnancy

It is safe in reasonable doses. It is unsure of what will occur if too much broccoli is consumed. Limit the intake in such cases.

Broccoli recipes 

Broccoli pasta
  • Broccoli Pasta

Method of preparation

  • Creamy pasta is delicious. One can prepare the pasta with chopped broccoli and ensure to obtain adequate dietary fibre in this way.
  • Add broccoli along with the other preferred garnishes, such as cherry tomatoes, baby corn and olives.
  • This is also among the simplest methods for encouraging children to eat broccoli.
  • Roasted broccoli

Method of preparation

  • One can prepare a nutritious broccoli snack as an alternative to munching junk foods.
  • Chop the broccoli, season it with salt and olive oil, and bake it for a snack in a 200-degree Celsius oven.
  • Roast the vegetable for 15 minutes, remove it and top with cheese, diced tomato and onion slices.
  • It can be served with a salsa dip.
  • Broccoli salad

Method of preparation

  • Include some freshly blanched broccoli in the salad.
  • The green salad can include either raw or steamed broccoli.
  • This ingredient’s exceptional compatibility with vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes makes it a standout.
  • Broccoli stir-fried

Method of preparation

  • Stir-fried broccoli is one of the simplest methods to include broccoli in the diet.
  • It can be stir-fried with salt and black pepper and served with chicken.
  • One may combine it with any additional vegetables of choice before plating the nutritious meal.
  • Broccoli soup 

Method of preparation

  • A filling and delicious broccoli soup can be prepared to reap the full nutritional benefits.
  • Melt butter in a saucepan and add onion and celery.
  • Cook the broccoli and broth together over high heat. 
  • Puree the soup and top it with a dash of cream and black pepper before serving. 
  • Homemade Broccoli pizza 

Method of preparation

  • Make a healthy homemade pizza using healthy substitutes.
  • Add broccoli to a wheat base along with additional ingredients, including tomatoes, onions, olives and corn.
  • This is another excellent strategy for persuading children to eat something nutritious.


Broccoli is a superfood and a green vegetable belonging to the cabbage family. It is one of the healthiest cruciferous vegetables, and people frequently consume the enormous blooming head for its nutritional value. 

It can be eaten raw or cooked, which are the two most common preparations. It has twice as much vitamin C as an orange, as much calcium as whole milk, and as much selenium as a carrot. These nutrients are important for preventing cancer.

Eating broccoli also helps the body detoxify after being exposed to toxins from food or the air, as well as other oxidants.


What are the 8 benefits of broccoli? 

The benefits of broccoli are,
1. Broccoli is fibre-rich.
2. Broccoli has cancer-fighting properties.
3. Improves heart health.
4. Benefits brain health.
5. Strengthens bones.
6. Reduces inflammation.
7. Naturally cleanses the body.
8. Increases eye health.

What are the side effects of broccoli? 

Raw broccoli is often risk-free and safe to consume. However, like most vegetables in the cruciferous family, raw or cooked broccoli may give some people severe gas or bloat. Those who have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), in particular, may have digestive irritation from broccoli.

What is the healthiest way to consume broccoli? 

The helpful enzyme that transforms toxins into cancer preventatives is destroyed when broccoli is overcooked. A nutritionist advises eating broccoli raw or steamed for about two to three minutes.

How to cook broccoli? 

Bring a pot of water and salt to a boil. Place the broccoli carefully in the boiling water, and cook for 2–3 minutes or until tender. When the broccoli is ready, carefully remove or strain it.

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