Stickler syndrome causes symptoms and treatment


A syndrome that causes vision, hearing and joint problems which is usually genetic in nature is called stickler syndrome.

Stickler syndrome is a hereditary condition that is often characterized by a unique facial appearance, hearing loss and joint problems.

The symptoms vary among individuals.

What are the causes of stickler syndrome?

Stickler syndrome is a result of defects in genes that form collagen. Collagen is a protein that adds flexibility to the connective tissues.

For any person with this medical condition, collagen doesn’t develop properly. Therefore, the body undergoes related issues.

What are the symptoms of stickler syndrome?

As the symptoms of stickler syndrome vary from person to person. It is important to understand that all symptoms may not be displayed by one person.

The syndrome may be mild or severe.

Some of the commonly displayed symptoms of stickler syndrome are

Facial deformities like

  • Split in the roof of the mouth
  • Flattened face
  • Small nose
  • Set back jaw

Other symptoms of stickler syndrome are

  • Bone and joint problems
  • Ear problems
  • Hearing loss
  • Eye problems

Depending on the severity of the syndrome a person may exhibit signs and symptoms.

How is Stickler syndrome diagnosed?

A medical professional would classify the syndrome into various types with causes and varying groups of symptoms.

A typical diagnosis for stickler syndrome involves

  • physical examination
  • Eye and hearing test
  • Genetic testing

By conducting these tests, a doctor would identify the cause and understand how the symptoms can be managed or treated.

How can we treat stickler syndrome?

Stickler syndrome cannot be eliminated but the symptoms can be managed if proper treatment is provided

Medical professionals use various therapies to manage the symptoms and correct the features which are associated.

Some of the popular treatments used to treat stickler syndrome are

  • Surgeries to fix abnormalities
  • Medications for joint pain
  • Corrective lenses
  • Hearing aid
  • Exercises for mobility and
  • Exercises to strengthen joints

The treatment varies from person to person depending on the complication.

Any person with stickler syndrome exhibits or develop

  • Deafness
  • Eye problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Dental problems
  • Joint problems and
  • Learning disabilities

With proper treatment, all the above-mentioned symptoms can be contained.

Is stickler syndrome preventable?

Even though stickler syndrome has no proven cure to date it is a disorder that will not affect a person’s normal life expectancy.

With treatment and proper support, people with stickers and room can live productive lives.

Stickler syndrome will affect the way a person thinks and perform his regular activities. A doctor can help them understand their condition and advise them few lifestyle changes.

To sum up

There is no cure for stickler syndrome. Consulting a doctor and taking treatment would prevent the progression of symptoms.

Regular follow-ups and visits are crucial to monitor the progression of symptoms. Even though the symptoms of stickler syndrome are not life-threatening a person would be at higher risk of detachment.

Consulting a medical professional for more advice on stickler syndrome is recommended.

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