What Is IRDAI And It’s Role In Regulating Insurance Policies?

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The insurance sector has its roots in the 1800s. The market has developed, improved, and become more transparent, focusing on defending policyholders’ interests. IRDAI is essential in highlighting the significance of the policyholder and their interests when establishing rules and regulations.

What is IRDAI?

The Insurance regulatory and development Authority of India (IRDAI) is an independent regulating organisation that protects the policyholder’s interests. They oversee the growth of the insurance industry in India, the requirements that various types of insurance policies project, and aid in maintaining rapid development.

The IRDAI was established in 1999 by the IRDAI Act, with different functions and responsibilities assigned to it.

Insurance firms frequently receive advisories from the IRDA or IRDAI in the event that rules and regulations change. The regulator directs the insurance sector to encourage efficiency in the way the insurance business is conducted while also managing insurance prices and other charges. 

Establishment of IRDAI

Up until the year of 2000, the Indian government oversaw the regulation of the insurance industry. However, the IRDA was established in 2000 to implement a stand-alone apex authority at the recommendation of the Malhotra Committee report from 1999.

The IRDA started taking registration requests through invitations in August 2000 and started allowing companies from other companies to invest up to 26 percent in the market. 

Section 114A of Insurance Act of 1938 contains a number of rules and laws that have been set forth by the IRDA. Regulations handle everything from safeguarding the interests of policyholders to registering insurance firms to operate in the nation.

Role of IRDAI in regulating insurance policies

The IRDAI grants a certificate of registration to the life insurance business and manages registration renewals, modifications, withdrawals, suspensions, and cancellations.

The regulatory authority protects the interests of policyholders in matters such as nomination by policyholders, insurable interest, assigning policy, insurance claim settlement, policy surrender value, and other terms and conditions that apply to an insurance contract.

It specifies the necessary credentials, code of conduct, and hands-on training for insurance agents and intermediaries.

IRDAI ensures that surveyors and loss assessors adhere to the code of conduct.

The autonomous authority encourages efficiency in how the insurance industry operates.

It promotes and regulates professional associations related to the insurance and reinsurance industries.

The insurance intermediaries, insurers and other organisations involved in the insurance industry are subject to inspection by the IRDAI, which also conducts investigations and audits.

The regulatory body also controls and regulates the charges, benefits, terms, and conditions that insurers may present in relation to the general insurance company.

IRDAI outlines the percentage of premium income that will go towards promoting and regulating professional organisations mentioned in the clause.

It defines the percentage of life insurance and general insurance business that the insurer will conduct in the rural or social sector.

The IRDAI upholds industry standards and takes action to stop insurance scams with so many other responsibilities.

Functions of IRDAI’s regulation of insurance policies

Grants registration certificates to insurance companies, change or renew them and, if necessary, withdraw, stop, or cancel them.

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) ensures that the policies are issued to the purchaser properly, that their claim payments go without any difficulties, that they receive insurance interest as well as the policy’s surrender value, and that all other terms and conditions are met.

Ensure that insurance agents adhere to the code of conduct and possess the necessary skills for the position.

IRDAI conducts inspections, inquiries into insurance company audits, information requests and other activities related to insurance.

IRDAI continues to regulate insurance prices, benefits that must be provided, and also policy terms and conditions.


The main reason for establishing this apex organisation was to regulate the Indian insurance industry and protect the interests of policyholders. Additionally, it makes sure that the insurance firms operate properly and in accordance with IRDAI guidelines.


The Information including but not limited to text, graphics, images and other material contained on this blog are intended for education and awareness only. No material on this blog is intended to be a substitute for professional medical help including diagnosis or treatment. It is always advisable to consult medical professional before relying on the content. Neither the Author nor Star Health and Allied Insurance Co. Ltd accepts any responsibility for any potential risk to any visitor/reader.

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