What is Nutrition?
- Nutrition is an essential part of healthy development. The best nutrition is significantly mandatory, especially for infants and children. It increases maternal health, immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lowers the risk of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc.
- A healthy diet guarantees healthy pregnancy outcomes. It helps maintain healthy body weight and reduces the danger of chronic diseases.
- People with good nutrition are healthier and more productive than poor nutritious people. Improper food in the diet leads to malnutrition, which causes a significant threat to human health. Today the world is filled with malnutrition that includes both undernutrition and overweight.
- WHO provides exclusive advice and tips regarding malnutrition to support health and well-being for all people across the world.
Why is nutrition important to us?
Protein helps to build muscles and a strong immune system in our body. Proteins consist of amino acids. There are 22 varieties of amino acids. Our body fundamentally needs all these amino acids for better function. Protein is an abundant nutrient that builds new tissues and cures all damaged cells in our body. It helps in the formation of hormones and enzymes. Some protein sources are lentils, low-fat dairy products, tofu, nuts, seeds, peas, etc.
Carbohydrates produce energy and help in the formation of cellular constituents. Carbohydrates are made of three compounds Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen produced by plants. Carbohydrates don’t cause any weight gain, unless like another food group. Simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates are the two different types of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the main reason for the production of ketones. Good examples of carbohydrates are bread, potatoes, pasta, soda, chips, cookies/biscuits, puddings, cakes, sugar, bananas, etc.
Fat is extra energy and nutrient developed in the body. Fats are generally insoluble in water. Fat has 8 calories per gram. Fatty acids are naturally produced when dietary fats are digested. Fat is important for healthy skin and blood pressure regulation. Saturated fats and Unsaturated fats are the two different varieties of fats. Saturated fats are present in products like cream, butter, cheese, and some chocolates. Some of the unsaturated fats are sunflower, soybean, cardamom, and corn oils.
A vitamin is an essential compound that plays an important role to make our body function properly. There are 12 vitamins necessary for our body. Some of them are vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-12. We receive most of these vitamins daily. Our body naturally has the tendency of producing vitamins like D and K.
Minerals help in the formation of body tissues. Minerals organize our immune system to work efficiently, but it doesn’t prevent weight loss. Some important minerals are Calcium, Copper, Chloride, Chromium, Iron, Iron, Fluoride, and Iodine.
What is child nutrition?
Eating rich nutrient food during our childhood develops a strong organic growth in the human body. Following eating patterns enhances nutrition for infants and children:
- A variety of fruits and vegetables
- Whole grains
- Fat-free and low-fat dairy products
- A variety of protein foods
Importance of nutrition during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, a healthy diet of rich nutrients has a prosperous impact on a developing child’s metabolism, immune system, physical transformation, and active organ functioning. In general, the human brain develops at a rapid speed during pregnancy. The nutrition that a baby gets during pregnancy is the vital fuel that drives much strength to the baby. When a mother lacks sufficient nutrition like calories, protein, fatty acids during her pregnancy, it directly affects the neural and brain development of the baby. Pregnant ladies who intake healthy foods during pregnancy times will never see any vitamin and mineral deficiency in their babies.
Healthy nutrition during pregnancy guarantees healthy pregnancy results, normal growth of infant, development, and ageing helps to maintain correct body weight and reduces the possibility of chronic diseases leading to overall health and well-being.