Flavonoids – Types & Benefits

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Flavonoids are present in many vegetables and fruits. It is a type of photochemical that brings vibrant colour to flowers, fruits and vegetables. Even though they cannot be digested or absorbed like carbohydrates or proteins, they have a number of health benefits. Flavonoids are broken down by the gut bacteria and are utilized for the various needs of the body, as they contain antioxidants and anti-inflammation properties. There are six subtypes of flavonoids, which have their own benefits. They are separated based on their chemical structure and the way they’re broken down. In most cases, the colour of the fruit or vegetable will tell you the type of flavonoid present in them.

Types of Flavonoids


They are pigments found in the plants that flower blue and white. They might help reduce inflammation in the body. Flavones are also known to protect the leaves from insects by acting as a natural pesticide. Some of the plants in which flavones are present are,

  • Peppermint
  • Celery
  • Parsely
  • Chamomile
  • Red peppers


Flavanones might help reduce weight and manage cholesterol levels. They are also known to reduce inflammation. Some of the foods in which flavanones are found are,


Flavanols are abundant in antioxidants, and they might also help manage symptoms of cardiovascular diseases. The following foods contain flavanols,


This is a naturally created pigment that gives the flowers purple, red, and blue colours. Anthocyanins are mostly found in berries and berry products such as,

  • Blueberries
  • Blackberries
  • Red wine
  • Purple and red grapes
  • Strawberries


Consuming adequate Flavan-3-ols might improve cholesterol concentration and reduce blood pressure and sugar. Some of the foods containing Flavan-3-ols are,


Isoflavones might help maintain the body’s hormone balance. A few foods in which they can be found are,

  • Soy products
  • Fava beans

Benefits of Flavonoids

There are six kinds of flavonoids each having their own benefits. Like almost all the flavonoids have shown to reduce high blood pressure. A diet containing abundant flavonoids might reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Flavonoids in coffee, Tea and soy has shown to minimize the risk of heart attacks or strokes

The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant content in flavonoids are also being studied as a potential for anticancer drugs. Research has shown that flavonoids might prevents cancer cells from multiplying. Few flavonoids might even reduce the risk of cancer. However more research is needed to properly evaluate the role of flavonoids in cancer therapy.

Flavonoids help regulate cellular activity and reduce oxidative stress by protecting the body from free radicals. They basically fight against toxins and stressors every day and help the body to perform better. 

Inflammation is caused as a immune response by the body. This might be triggered due to a number of reasons like germs, toxins, allergens and various other irritants that cause uncomfortable symptoms. Flavonoids might help reduce those symptoms by avoiding the inflammation. 

Flavonoids are abundant in antioxidants. Antioxidants help in fighting off the harmful molecules that may affect the body in many ways. The body is capable of producing antioxidants on its own, but eating antioxidant-rich foods like legumes, dark chocolates, and many other vegetables and fruits will help support the body. 


Flavonoids are abundant in antioxidants and anti-inflammation properties. Flavonoids are present in various fruits, flowers and vegetables so they are also very easy to implement in your everyday diet. 


1. Which foods are highest in flavonoids?

Onions, apples, soybeans, berries, citrus fruits and cherries are some of the fruits and vegetables that are rich in flavonoids. 

2. Are flavonoids good for skin?

More research is needed on this topic, but some of the existing research shows that flavonoids might be helpful in managing ringworm, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne, urticaria, and many others. 


The Information including but not limited to text, graphics, images and other material contained on this blog are intended for education and awareness only. No material on this blog is intended to be a substitute for professional medical help including diagnosis or treatment. It is always advisable to consult medical professional before relying on the content. Neither the Author nor Star Health and Allied Insurance Co. Ltd accepts any responsibility for any potential risk to any visitor/reader.

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