You may be passing a kidney stone if you have severe pain in your stomach or on one side of your back that comes and goes. Kidney stones can range from as small as a grain of sand to as large as – and sometimes larger than – a pearl. They can remain in your kidneys or pass through your ureters (the tubes connecting your kidneys to your bladder) and finally out of your body through your urine.
Passing a kidney stone occurs when a kidney stone moves through your ureters and out your urethra with your urine. A kidney stone can also become lodged in your urinary tract and prevent urine from passing through. It can be excruciatingly painful to pass a kidney stone or have a large kidney stone block your urine flow.
Types of kidney stones
Kidney stones come in a variety of forms. The most common type of stone is calcium stone. They are most common in men between the ages of 20 and 30. Calcium can form stones when it combines with other substances found in food, such as oxalate, phosphate, or carbonate.
Cystine stones are usually seen in cystinuria, a genetic condition in which stones are formed from an amino acid called cystine. Struvite stones are most commonly found in women with urinary tract infections. These stones can grow to be quite large and can obstruct the kidney, ureter, or bladder.
Men are more prone to develop uric acid stones than women. They can happen to people who have a history of gout or are undergoing chemotherapy.
Signs of passing a kidney stone
Some of the symptoms of passing a kidney stone are,
- Sharp pain in the lower abdomen (usually on only one side).
- While urinating, you may experience a burning sensation or pain.
- Frequent urination
- Feeling as if you are infrequently urinating or in small amounts.
- Brown, red, or pink urine indicates the presence of blood.
- Urine that smells or is cloudy.
What forms kidney stones?
Kidney stones form as a result of substances in your urine. Normally, the substances that combine to form stones pass through your urinary system.
When they don’t pass out, there isn’t enough urine volume, causing the substances to become highly concentrated and crystalise. This is a result of not consuming enough water. The stone-forming deposits include calcium, oxalate, uric acid, phosphate, rare occurrences of cystine, and xanthine.
These are some of the waste products that should be released from your body.
Treatment and medications to break a kidney stone
The treatment for a kidney stone is determined by the size of the stone, its composition, whether it causes pain, and whether it blocks your urinary tract. Your doctor may request a urine test, blood test, x-ray, and/or CT scan to decide on the best treatment.
If your kidney stone is small, your doctor may advise you to take pain relievers and consume plenty of fluids to help push the stone through your urinary tract.
If you are in pain, you can treat it while you wait for the stone to pass.
- Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be beneficial. You may also require an anti-nausea medication.
- Calcium channel blockers and alpha-blockers are two prescription medications that relax your ureter. The stone will move more quickly if the ureter is wider.
- Potassium citrate or sodium citrate can help prevent the formation of kidney stones caused by uric acid or calcium oxalate.
Sometimes a stone is too large to come out on its own. It may be necessary for your doctor to break it up or remove it. Surgeries involved in eliminating the kidney stones are,
- Shock wave lithotripsy– this procedure uses shock waves to break kidney stones into small pieces.
- Ureteroscopy – In this surgery, the doctor uses a long, tube-shaped tool to locate and either remove the stone or break it.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is only used very rarely to remove a kidney stone, where a tube will be inserted directly into your kidney during the surgery to remove the stone. This treatment will require you to stay in the hospital for two to three days to receive and recover from.
6 Home remedies for kidney stones
- Tulsi (basil) leaves are beneficial to kidney health – Take a teaspoon of basil leaf juice with a teaspoon of honey in the morning on a daily basis. You can also choose to chew two to three basil leaves to get the stones out of your urinary tract.
- Celery can help prevent the formation of kidney stones – Consuming celery regularly aids in the removal of toxins that contribute to the formation of kidney stones.
- Kidney Beans aid in treating kidney stones – Kidney beans are another effective treatment for kidney stones and other bladder issues. The seeds can be taken out from the pod and placed in the water; cook for an hour on low heat until the pods become soft and tender. Remove the liquid from the heat and set it aside to cool. To get rid of kidney stones, drink them several times throughout the day.
- Kidney cleansing with citric fruit juices drink – The citric acid in orange and lemon juice aids in the breakdown of calcium-based kidney stones. Consume two to three glasses of citric fruit juice per day. This will help increase the volume of urination, which is highly beneficial to those suffering from kidney stones. In addition, drinking a glass of tomato juice with a pinch of salt and pepper every morning is generally advisable. This aids in the dissolution of mineral salt deposits in the kidney.
- Drinking water aids in the prevention of kidney stones – Drinking plenty of water daily will result in clear urine every time you urinate. This will eventually aid in the passage of kidney stones.
- Watermelon juice aids in the removal of kidney stones – Watermelon’s water and potassium content are essential nutrients for kidney health. It aids in regulating and maintaining the acid level in the urine. Eating watermelon or drinking its juice daily will aid in the removal of kidney stones. Figs for dissolving kidney stones. Boil a few figs in a cup of water and drink it in the morning on an empty stomach.
Apart from the above remedies, you may also opt for a
Kidney-friendly eating plan
A healthy diet is essential for maintaining kidney health and preventing the formation of kidney stones. Drinking plenty of water or liquids daily can help prevent most kidney stones.
Consuming too many calcium-rich foods, such as spinach, beet, cauliflower, carrots, almonds, sweetbreads, coconut, turnip, Bengal gram, peas, whole-wheat flour, and organ meats such as liver and kidney, can result in kidney stones.
When should you see a doctor?
If you believe you have kidney stones, consult your doctor to determine the best course of action. On the other hand, kidney stones don’t always necessitate medical intervention; instead, you can cure them efficiently with these home remedies and other dietary changes.
If you suffer from any of the following symptoms, you should promptly get medical help from your medical practitioner.
3. Urine with blood in it
4. Urinary incontinence (difficulty passing urine)
These symptoms could indicate that you have further kidney damage or health issues, which will almost certainly necessitate medical intervention to address adequately.
These natural therapies may aid in the treatment or prevention of kidney stones. Overall, seeing a doctor for more information on how to get rid of kidney stones is a good idea.
Once the kidney stone is passed in the urine, you may save it and send it to the Urologist for the test and analysis. This will fetch you information on what type of stones you have and provide you with a customised food plan to help prevent additional stone formation in future.
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