Migraine headache – What are the root causes?


Headache can be the most common thing in everyone’s life. It is also the main reason for missed work and messing up things. Headache is bearable, but migraine is a burdensome headache disorder that causes severe pain in one part of the head.

 What is a Migraine?

 Migraine is more than a normal headache. Migraines cause severe throbbing pain in your head that can last for hours and days. If it gets severe, it can also leave you in bed. In the condition of migraine headache, you can feel the pain only on one part of your head. The factors like extreme light and sound may act as a catalyst that causes nausea, vomiting, severe pain and fatigue.

What causes Migraine headaches?

 The root cause for your Migraine headache cannot be listed clearly. However, Migraine is a genetic disorder. You are left with the possibility of getting prone to migraine if your parents have it. It is also believed that Migraine is caused due to the abnormal activity of your brain.

Following are the factors that could trigger your Migraine. These factors may vary from one individual to another in consideration of their body health.

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  • Stress
  • Bright lights
  • Loud noise
  • Medications
  • Sleeplessness
  • Strong smell
  • Anxiety

What are the symptoms of migraine?

 If you are diagnosed with a Migraine headache, there is no need to worry because people of any age group are prone to this disorder. Listed below are the symptoms of Migraine.

  • Irritated by the bright light, loud and odours
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Depression
  • Neck stiffness
  • Mood swings

There are four phases of migraine; if you have a Migraine, you may also suffer through these phases each time.

  1. Prodrome: 

    This phase denotes the first 24 hours before starting your Migraine. You can notice the change in your body, and you may suffer the following symptoms: constipation, mood swings, tiredness, food cravings or loss of appetite, frequent yawning and neck stiffness.

  2. Aura:

    This phase varies according to the individual; you may or may not suffer from this phase. Aura occurs before or during the Migraine. During this phase, you may experience visual disturbance where you can experience flashing of lights or zig-zag lines, making it difficult for you to focus on your work.

  3. Headache:

    The Migraine headache starts as a normal headache and develops into throbbing pain. Nausea and vomiting are the symptoms of this phase.

  4. Postdrome:

    The aftermath of Migraine headache is a postdrome phase, where you feel fatigued and look pale. You may also suffer from muscle pain and fever.

How is a Migraine diagnosed?

 To diagnose Migraine headaches, you will be examined by the doctor. The examination covers the medical history of you and your family regarding the headache, and your symptoms will be considered. Be outspoken discuss your condition and the severity of the head pain.

With reference to your health condition and symptoms, the following test will be required: blood tests, CTC or MRI, and other tests to get the root cause of your migraine.

Is Migraine curable? 

 There is no such cure for Migraine. Migraine is often overlooked; however, treating your Migraine at an early stage reduces the risk of developing a severe headache and can prevent the symptoms from getting worse.

What causes Migraine in females?

 The cause of Migraine in females is the hormonal change that occurs in your body during mensuration (menstrual period). Before the cycle begins, there is a drop in female hormones, estrogen and progesterone. This drop-in female hormone can trigger Migraine in women.

What is the complication of Migraine?

 Migraine is considered the most common problem that causes people to seek hospital. The main reason is the lack of awareness, where people mistake Migraine headaches for normal headaches. Only in severe conditions do they become aware of it. Migraine can be a normal condition, but you may suffer from severe health conditions like depression and anxiety if left untreated.


The Migraine headache symptoms such as nausea and vomiting may leave you exhausted and pale. To make matters worse, you may also get hospitalised if your migraine has more complications. Prevention is a better step than treatment. Manage your stress and anxiety, follow a regular diet, and skip your meal. If you are prone to frequent headaches, track your symptoms and intensity of your pain and consult a doctor.

In case of severe Migraine headaches, to protect your finances from breaking down to meet the unexpected sudden hospitalisation, it is advisable to opt for health insurance.

If you are diagnosed with a Migraine, make sure to reveal it while buying the policy to avoid claim rejection.

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